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Cereal Grains  Cool Season Grasses Legumes Warm Season Annuals

Select Tall Fescue            Derby Timothy            Extend Orchardgrass            Marshall Ryegrass


    Select Tall Fescue

Select Tall Fescue is a zero-endophyte variety selected for stand persistence, drought tolerance and high forage yields. The zero-endophyte level eliminates concerns that animals feeding on Select Tall Fescue will develop feeding disorders that are normally associated with animals feeding on highly infected fescue cultivars.

Physical Characteristics: A perennial, sod-forming tall fescue that can grow to 4 feet tall. Essentially a bunchgrass; however, thick stands will produce an even sod if kept mowed or grazed. Select Tall Fescue has numerous shiny, ribbed, dark green leaves.

Growth Characteristics: Widely adapted; will start growing after soil temperature reaches 50° with 2/3 of its annual growth taking place in the spring. Has the best summer forage production of the cool season grasses normally used in pastures.

Maturity: Medium to late maturity.

Disease Resistance: Excellent resistance to leaf and stem diseases.

Insect Resistance: Shows very good resistance to most insects.

Drought Tolerance: Excellent drought tolerance after establishment.

Planting Requirements: In a well-prepared seedbed, plant no deeper than 3/4 inch.

Seeding Requirements: Drill 20 lbs./acre or broadcast 20 to 30 lbs./acre.

Soil and Nutrient Requirements: Soil pH should be between 6.0 and 7.0. Will tolerate low fertility but needs high fertility for high yields. Apply 1/3 of nitrogen plus needed phosphate and potash in late August and early September. The other 2/3 of the nitrogen should be applied in late winter to mid-spring.

Harvesting Tips: Cut for hay in the boot to early head stage. Do not graze until well established with caution not to overgraze. Harvest in the boot to early head stage for maximum quality. Tillering is stimulated by frequent defoliation. Once established, the plants can tolerate heavy animal traffic better than other cool season species.


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    Derby Timothy


Derby is an early maturing Timothy with excellent winterhardiness and yield potential.  Selected for improved regrowth after cutting and is an excellent companion with legumes.

Physical Characteristics: Derby is a relatively short-lived, cool season perennial forage. Leaves vary in length from a few inches to a foot and are about 1/4 inch wide, narrowing gently toward the tip. Heads are spike-like and dense, from 2 to 6 inches in length. Seeds are very small, producing more than a million seeds per lb.
 
Growth Characteristics: A shallow rooted bunch grass that grows 20 to 40 inches tall and producing tillers that develop into roots. Derby is most productive in spring and early summer.

Maturity: Early maturing
 
Disease Tolerance: Shows resistance to rust, rhizoctonia, lepto leaf spot and septoria leaf blotch.
 
Insect Tolerance: Insect damage is minimal on forage yield.
 
Drought Tolerance: Drought tolerance is fair.
 
Planting Requirements: Timothy is usually seeded in mixtures with legumes. A firm, weed-free seedbed is key to a successful planting. Plant early spring or August to September.
 
Seeding Requirements: Pure stands: Plant 6-10 lbs/acre, In mixes: 2-4 lbs/acre no deeper than 1/2 inch.

Soil and Nutrient Requirements: Derby prefers finely textured soils like clay loams. Derby is highly responsive to fertilizers, especially nitrogen.

Harvest Tips: Hay should be cut at the boot or early bloom stage to obtain best quality.


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    Extend Orchardgrass

Extend Orchardgrass is the best choice for pure stands or grass-legume mixes with its later maturity and superior yield. Extend's excellent plant vigor and drought tolerance allow for increased stand persistence. Extend's stem rust resistance improves palatability for all classes of livestock.
 
Physical Characteristics:
Long-lived cool-season bunchgrass that grows approximately 4 feet tall with numerous basal leaves and a "cocksfoot"-shaped head.

Growth Characteristics: Extend starts growth early in spring, develops rapidly and flowers during late May or early June. Tillering occurs almost continuously throughout the growing season. Orchardgrass seedlings grow more rapidly than smooth bromegrass or tall fescue but not as vigorously as reed canarygrass.

Maturity: Extend is a late maturing variety.

Disease Tolerance: Extend exhibits stem rust resistance.

Insect Tolerance: Insects are seldom a problem.

Drought Tolerance: Extend is more drought tolerant than Timothy or Kentucky bluegrass but not as drought tolerant as tall fescue.

Planting Requirements: Orchardgrass prefers moderate to well-drained soils. Spring plantings should be made March 1 to May 15. Summer seeding Aug. 1 to Sept. 15.

Seeding Requirements: Pure stand rates should be 10-20 lbs. per acre, alfalfa mix 4-6 lbs. per acre, clover mix 10 lbs. per acre at a depth of 1/4 to 1/2 inch.

Soil and Nutrient Requirements: Minimum pH should be 5.5; however, 6.0 to 7.0 is optimum. Nitrogen should be applied in multiple applications during early spring (after first cutting), and fall. Adequate phosphorous and potassium are also necessary for top production.

Harvesting Tips: First cutting in spring should be done before head emergence (boot stage).  Later cuttings can be made at 4-6 week intervals. Rotational grazing is preferred for best production, persistence and quality. Fields should be grazed heavily and frequently (every 10-12 days) during the rapid spring growth period, but overgrazing should be avoided. Leave a 3-4-inch stubble for quick recovery.    


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    Marshall Ryegrass


Marshall Ryegrass is a unique annual ryegrass that provides exceptional cattle gains over Gulf Annual ryegrass and stockpiled fescue due to its cold tolerance, stand persistence, yield and quality. Fall planting of Marshall can increase winter carrying capacity and provide early spring forage with higher yields than traditional small grains.

Physical Characteristics: Marshall is a cool-season annual ryegrass with a fibrous root system and can grow to a height of 4 feet.

Growth Characteristics: Marshall Ryegrass establishes quickly with quick growth in the fall and continues growing somewhat in the winter with heavy spring production until the first part of July.

Maturity: Marshall is a late maturing ryegrass.

Disease Tolerance: Crown rust can be a problem.

Insect Tolerance: There are no insect problems unique to Marshall Annual Ryegrass.

Drought Tolerance: Good drought tolerance.

Planting Requirements: A well-prepared seed bed is preferred but can be drilled into existing sod if surface vegetation is reduced.

Seeding Requirements: Drill 25-30 lbs. in a well-prepared seed bed or broadcast 30-40 lbs. per acre. Drill seeding rate in sod is 25-30 lbs per acre.

Soil and Nutrient Requirements: Optimum pH is 5.7 and above. Marshall annual ryegrass is adapted to poorly drained soils; however, the greatest production is on fertile, well-drained soils. In absence of soil test, use these recommendations: Apply 60 lbs. of P205, 60 lbs. K20 and 60 to 80 lbs. of N per acre at seeding. Top dress in late January and March with split applications. A good rule of thumb is to apply 1 lb. of N for every day of expected grazing.

Harvesting Tips: Start grazing at 8 inches of stubble. For hay production, cut at the boot stage.